Changes to the Education System of England and Wales in the last 70 years Part 5: The 60s and the 80s
This paper is the fifth in a series and is concerned with the substantial progress made by comprehensive education between 1962 and 1983 to become the dominant mode of secondary education in England and Wales. Some parts of the national system were, however, resistant to the general change. The small township of Skipton, an example of one such locality was part of two LEAs, the West Riding County Council and (post 1974) North Yorkshire County Council. Negotiations under their governance produced numerous plans in attempts to reach agreement on an acceptable form for comprehensive reorganisation. All these attempts foundered and Skipton retained its grammar schools. Explanations for this outcome are the principal topic for enquiry in this article.
Keywords: Secondary Education Reorganisation; Three-Tier Scheme; Direct Grant Schools; Selection at eleven.
Bu çalışma serinin beşincisidir ve 1962 ve 1983 yılları arasında İngiltere ve Galler'de baskın mod haline gelen ortaöğretim eğitimi olmak için geniş kapsamlı eğitim ve öğretim tarafından yapılan önemli ilerleme ile ilgilidir. Ancak ulusal sistemin bazı bölümleri genel bir değişime dirençliydi. Skipton’ın küçük bir ilçesi ki konumu nedeniyle iki LEA (Yerel Eğitim Kurumu)’nın, West Riding İlçe Belediyesi ve (1974 sonrası) North Yorkshire İlçe Belediyesi, parçası olan küçük bir ilçesi buna örnek gösterilebilir. Kendi yönetimleri altındaki müzakerelerde, daha kapsamlı yeniden yapılanma için kabul edilebilir bir form üzerinde anlaşmaya varmak için yapılan girişimlerle çok sayıda plan üretildi. Tüm bu girişimler başarısızlıkla sonuçlandı ve Skipton kendi dil okulunu korudu. Bu makalede bu sonuca ilişkin açıklamalar soruşturma için asıl konuyu oluşturmaktadır.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Ortaöğretim Yeniden Yapılanma; Üç-Aşama Programı; Doğrudan Hibe Okulları; 11 yaşta okul seçim testi.
http://www.educationengland.org.uk/documents/pdfs/1944-education-act.pdf VIEW ITEM
http://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/transformingsociety/livinglearning/school/overview/educationact1944/ VIEW ITEM
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_Act_1944 VIEW ITEM
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/research-guides/secondary-education.htm#18583 VIEW ITEM
Circular 10/65 (1965) (Circular from the National Association of Governing Bodies of Aided Grammar Schools).
http://www.educationengland.org.uk/documents/des/circular10-65.html VIEW ITEM
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circular_10/70 VIEW ITEM
http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/101773 VIEW ITEM
Cox, C. B. and Dyson, A. E. (1969). The Black Papers 1, 2 and 3. Critical Quarterly Society.
Black Papers Series, 1969-1977:
Fight for Education. A Black Paper. Edited by C B Cox & A E Dyson. (Critical Quarterly Society).
Black Paper Two. The Crisis in Education. Edited by C B Cox & A E Dyson. (Critical Quarterly Society)
Black Paper Three. Goodbye Mr Short. Edited by C B Cox and A E Dyson (Critical Quarterly Society).
Black Paper Four. The Fight for Education. Edited by C B Cox and R Boyson. London. Dent.
Black Paper Five. Edited by C B Cox and R Boyson. London. Maurice Temple.
Gosden, P. H. J. H. and Sharp, P. R. (1978). The Development of an Education Service: The West Riding 1889-1974. Oxford: Martin Robertson.
http://isbndb.com/d/book/the_development_of_an_education_service.html VIEW ITEM
http://www.getcited.org/pub/102189119 VIEW ITEM
Plowden Report (1967). Children and their Primary Schools. Central Advisory Council for Education.
http://www.educationengland.org.uk/documents/plowden/ VIEW ITEM
http://www.educationengland.org.uk/history/timeline.html VIEW ITEM
Weeks, A. (1986). Comprehensive Schools: Past, Present and Future. London: Methuen & Co Ltd.
http://books.google.com.tr/books?id=cvwNAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA203&hl=tr&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=3#v=onepage&q&f=false GS SEARCH
http://www.amazon.com/Comprehensive-Schools-Past-Present-Future/dp/0416406904 VIEW ITEM
The materials below could be sought from Bradford Central Library
Report by the DEO to the Craven Divisional Executive, 28/2/64
Minutes of the Craven Divisional Executive, August 1964
Chairman of Governors of EGS, 14/8/64, 11/9/64, 15/9/74, 6/1/65
Letter from Matthew to Coe, 15/10/64, 26/1/65, 6/3/66
Letter from Coe to Matthew, 8/1/65, 22/1/65
Letter from Matthew to Owens, 25/1/65, 22/3/66, 21/7/66
Letter from Matthew to Clegg, 25/1/65, 9/1/66
Letter from Clegg to Matthew, 3/2/65, 11/1/66
Letter from Owens to Matthew, 18/2/66, 19/7/66
Letter from Clegg to Coe, 6/4/67
Letter from Alexander to Taggart, February 1972
Letter from the DEO to the Fact Finding Committee of the Divisional Executive, 15/6/72
Minutes and Extracts of the Craven Divisional Executive, Prepared by the DEO, 31/8/72
Letter from Cross to the DEO, 1/6/72, 22/12/72
Letter from the DEO to Hogan, 5/12/72, 8/1/73
Letter from DEO to Cross, 7/2/73
Letter from Clegg to the DEO, 18/10/72, 11/1/73
Letter from the DEO to County Hall, 27/2/73
Letter from the DEO to the Clerk to Barnoldswick UDC, 1/3/73
Letter from the Clerk to the Barnoldswick UDC to the Clerk to the County Council, 10/11/72
Letter to the Craven Herald, January 1973
Letter from Cross to Riddiough, 2/2/72
Letter from the Hon. Secretary of the Craven Head Teachers’ Forum to the DEO, 3/1/67
Letter from the Hon. Secretary of the Craven Branch of the NUT to the DEO, 1/2/67
Letter from Jim Foster (an Ermysted’s staff member) to Cross written on 10th April 1971.
Memo from Clegg to Matthew, April 1966, 23/6/66, 15/7/66
Minutes of a Special Meeting of the Governors of EGS, 23/5/66
Report in the Craven Herald of a meeting of the Divisional Executive, 7/4/66
Conversation with J J Barker in June 1976
Conversation with Lionel Watson in the Area Office in October 1986
West Riding’s response to Circular, 10/65 19/7/66
Craven Herald, 24/6/66, 7/7/66, February 1967
Telegraph and Argus, 24/6/66, 6/7/66
Yorkshire Post, 7/7/66, 4/2/67
Letter from Eastwood to the Craven Herald, February 1967
Letters to the Craven Herald, February and March 1967
“Secondary Education Reorganisation. Proposed Plans for Skipton and West Craven”,
Minutes of the Meeting of the Secondary Education Committee of the Craven Divisional Executive, 17/10/66, 2/12/66, 3/2/67
Memorandum to DEO from Clegg, 9/4/73
Recommendation of the Secondary Education Committee to the Divisional Executive, 3/2/67
Summary of accommodation and numbers, Teachers’ Working Party, 29/10/71
A copy of a resolution passed at a meeting of the West Craven Primary Teachers, 19/10/71
Minutes of a Meeting of the Reorganisation Committee of the Divisional Executive, 22/1/73
Minutes of an Emergency Meeting of the Governors of Upper Wharfedale School, 30/1/73
Report (May 1972). Comprehensive Secondary Education for Upper Wharfedale Children.
The Governors of Upper Wharfedale School.
Document of 25th October 1971, in Appendix 22 of the County Handbook.
A copy of the draft of Robinson’s amendment, 2/2/73
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.